Controlling Religious Knowledge and Education for Countering Religious Extremism
Keywords:religious knowledge and education, religious extremism, China, Uyghurs, policies and rhetoric
As a secularist state, China has always been highly sensitive about religious traditions, particularly Islam. During the late 1990s and especially after the 9/11 terrorist events, the government rhetoric has been to equate the Islamic knowledge and identity with violent ethnic separatism, and more recently extremism and terrorism (Roberts, 2016, 2018). Thus, the Uyghurs
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