Trained to Resist: Teachers Learning Lucha in Oaxaca, Mexico


  • Christian A Bracho University of La Verne



teacher training, activism, resistance, Oaxaca, normal schools


Drawing on ethnographic data and interviews with 17 teacher educators and normal school students in Oaxaca, Mexico, this article examines a particular teaching formation rooted in the concept of lucha, revolutionary struggle. Participants described how, during their four years at a normal school, they learn, rehearse, and internalize a historical set of revolutionary scripts and strategies, as part of a political role they will perform as teachers. The post-1968 generation of teachers in this study recalled learning to fight in the 1970s and 80s, in an era of great opposition to the Mexican government and national union, while the younger generation described learning how to advocate for themselves so that they can create change in their communities. The study demonstrates how teacher training can explicitly cultivate new teachers

Author Biography

Christian A Bracho, University of La Verne

Bracho is an Assistant Professor of Teacher Education in the LaFetra College of Education, at the University of La Verne. He is Co-Director of the Center for Educational Equity and Intercultural Research.




How to Cite

Bracho, C. A. (2019). Trained to Resist: Teachers Learning Lucha in Oaxaca, Mexico. FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education, 5(2).